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ftplib.py

# Stolen from Python 2.7 to get TLS support

#pylint: disable-all
#@PydevCodeAnalysisIgnore


"""An FTP client class and some helper functions.

Based on RFC 959: File Transfer Protocol (FTP), by J. Postel and J. Reynolds

Example:

>>> from ftplib import FTP
>>> ftp = FTP('ftp.python.org') # connect to host, default port
>>> ftp.login() # default, i.e.: user anonymous, passwd anonymous@
'230 Guest login ok, access restrictions apply.'
>>> ftp.retrlines('LIST') # list directory contents
total 9
drwxr-xr-x   8 root     wheel        1024 Jan  3  1994 .
drwxr-xr-x   8 root     wheel        1024 Jan  3  1994 ..
drwxr-xr-x   2 root     wheel        1024 Jan  3  1994 bin
drwxr-xr-x   2 root     wheel        1024 Jan  3  1994 etc
d-wxrwxr-x   2 ftp      wheel        1024 Sep  5 13:43 incoming
drwxr-xr-x   2 root     wheel        1024 Nov 17  1993 lib
drwxr-xr-x   6 1094     wheel        1024 Sep 13 19:07 pub
drwxr-xr-x   3 root     wheel        1024 Jan  3  1994 usr
-rw-r--r--   1 root     root          312 Aug  1  1994 welcome.msg
'226 Transfer complete.'
>>> ftp.quit()
'221 Goodbye.'
>>>

A nice test that reveals some of the network dialogue would be:
python ftplib.py -d localhost -l -p -l
"""


#
# Changes and improvements suggested by Steve Majewski.
# Modified by Jack to work on the mac.
# Modified by Siebren to support docstrings and PASV.
# Modified by Phil Schwartz to add storbinary and storlines callbacks.
# Modified by Giampaolo Rodola' to add TLS support.
#

import os
import sys

# Import SOCKS module if it exists, else standard socket module socket
try:
    import SOCKS; socket = SOCKS; del SOCKS # import SOCKS as socket
    from socket import getfqdn; socket.getfqdn = getfqdn; del getfqdn
except ImportError:
    import socket
from socket import _GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT

__all__ = ["FTP", "Netrc"]

# Magic number from <socket.h>
MSG_OOB = 0x1                           # Process data out of band


# The standard FTP server control port
FTP_PORT = 21


# Exception raised when an error or invalid response is received
00068 class Error(Exception): pass
00069 class error_reply(Error): pass          # unexpected [123]xx reply
00070 class error_temp(Error): pass           # 4xx errors
00071 class error_perm(Error): pass           # 5xx errors
00072 class error_proto(Error): pass          # response does not begin with [1-5]


# All exceptions (hopefully) that may be raised here and that aren't
# (always) programming errors on our side
all_errors = (Error, IOError, EOFError)


# Line terminators (we always output CRLF, but accept any of CRLF, CR, LF)
CRLF = '\r\n'

# The class itself
00084 class FTP:

    '''An FTP client class.

    To create a connection, call the class using these arguments:
            host, user, passwd, acct, timeout

    The first four arguments are all strings, and have default value ''.
    timeout must be numeric and defaults to None if not passed,
    meaning that no timeout will be set on any ftp socket(s)
    If a timeout is passed, then this is now the default timeout for all ftp
    socket operations for this instance.

    Then use self.connect() with optional host and port argument.

    To download a file, use ftp.retrlines('RETR ' + filename),
    or ftp.retrbinary() with slightly different arguments.
    To upload a file, use ftp.storlines() or ftp.storbinary(),
    which have an open file as argument (see their definitions
    below for details).
    The download/upload functions first issue appropriate TYPE
    and PORT or PASV commands.
'''

    debugging = 0
    host = ''
    port = FTP_PORT
    sock = None
    file = None
    welcome = None
    passiveserver = 1

    # Initialization method (called by class instantiation).
    # Initialize host to localhost, port to standard ftp port
    # Optional arguments are host (for connect()),
    # and user, passwd, acct (for login())
    def __init__(self, host='', user='', passwd='', acct='',
                 timeout=_GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT):
        self.timeout = timeout
        if host:
            self.connect(host)
            if user:
                self.login(user, passwd, acct)

00128     def connect(self, host='', port=0, timeout= -999):
        '''Connect to host.  Arguments are:
         - host: hostname to connect to (string, default previous host)
         - port: port to connect to (integer, default previous port)
        '''
        if host != '':
            self.host = host
        if port > 0:
            self.port = port
        if timeout != -999:
            self.timeout = timeout
        self.sock = socket.create_connection((self.host, self.port), self.timeout)
        self.af = self.sock.family
        self.file = self.sock.makefile('rb')
        self.welcome = self.getresp()
        return self.welcome

00145     def getwelcome(self):
        '''Get the welcome message from the server.
        (this is read and squirreled away by connect())'''
        if self.debugging:
            print '*welcome*', self.sanitize(self.welcome)
        return self.welcome

00152     def set_debuglevel(self, level):
        '''Set the debugging level.
        The required argument level means:
        0: no debugging output (default)
        1: print commands and responses but not body text etc.
        2: also print raw lines read and sent before stripping CR/LF'''
        self.debugging = level
    debug = set_debuglevel

00161     def set_pasv(self, val):
        '''Use passive or active mode for data transfers.
        With a false argument, use the normal PORT mode,
        With a true argument, use the PASV command.'''
        self.passiveserver = val

    # Internal: "sanitize" a string for printing
    def sanitize(self, s):
        if s[:5] == 'pass ' or s[:5] == 'PASS ':
            i = len(s)
            while i > 5 and s[i - 1] in '\r\n':
                i = i - 1
            s = s[:5] + '*' * (i - 5) + s[i:]
        return repr(s)

    # Internal: send one line to the server, appending CRLF
    def putline(self, line):
        line = line + CRLF
        if self.debugging > 1: print '*put*', self.sanitize(line)
        self.sock.sendall(line)

    # Internal: send one command to the server (through putline())
    def putcmd(self, line):
        if self.debugging: print '*cmd*', self.sanitize(line)
        self.putline(line)

    # Internal: return one line from the server, stripping CRLF.
    # Raise EOFError if the connection is closed
    def getline(self):
        line = self.file.readline()
        if self.debugging > 1:
            print '*get*', self.sanitize(line)
        if not line: raise EOFError
        if line[-2:] == CRLF: line = line[:-2]
        elif line[-1:] in CRLF: line = line[:-1]
        return line

    # Internal: get a response from the server, which may possibly
    # consist of multiple lines.  Return a single string with no
    # trailing CRLF.  If the response consists of multiple lines,
    # these are separated by '\n' characters in the string
    def getmultiline(self):
        line = self.getline()
        if line[3:4] == '-':
            code = line[:3]
            while 1:
                nextline = self.getline()
                line = line + ('\n' + nextline)
                if nextline[:3] == code and \
                        nextline[3:4] != '-':
                    break
        return line

    # Internal: get a response from the server.
    # Raise various errors if the response indicates an error
    def getresp(self):
        resp = self.getmultiline()
        if self.debugging: print '*resp*', self.sanitize(resp)
        self.lastresp = resp[:3]
        c = resp[:1]
        if c in ('1', '2', '3'):
            return resp
        if c == '4':
            raise error_temp, resp
        if c == '5':
            raise error_perm, resp
        raise error_proto, resp

00229     def voidresp(self):
        """Expect a response beginning with '2'."""
        resp = self.getresp()
        if resp[:1] != '2':
            raise error_reply, resp
        return resp

00236     def abort(self):
        '''Abort a file transfer.  Uses out-of-band data.
        This does not follow the procedure from the RFC to send Telnet
        IP and Synch; that doesn't seem to work with the servers I've
        tried.  Instead, just send the ABOR command as OOB data.'''
        line = 'ABOR' + CRLF
        if self.debugging > 1: print '*put urgent*', self.sanitize(line)
        self.sock.sendall(line, MSG_OOB)
        resp = self.getmultiline()
        if resp[:3] not in ('426', '226'):
            raise error_proto, resp

00248     def sendcmd(self, cmd):
        '''Send a command and return the response.'''
        self.putcmd(cmd)
        return self.getresp()

00253     def voidcmd(self, cmd):
        """Send a command and expect a response beginning with '2'."""
        self.putcmd(cmd)
        return self.voidresp()

00258     def sendport(self, host, port):
        '''Send a PORT command with the current host and the given
        port number.
        '''
        hbytes = host.split('.')
        pbytes = [repr(port // 256), repr(port % 256)]
        bytes = hbytes + pbytes
        cmd = 'PORT ' + ','.join(bytes)
        return self.voidcmd(cmd)

00268     def sendeprt(self, host, port):
        '''Send a EPRT command with the current host and the given port number.'''
        af = 0
        if self.af == socket.AF_INET:
            af = 1
        if self.af == socket.AF_INET6:
            af = 2
        if af == 0:
            raise error_proto, 'unsupported address family'
        fields = ['', repr(af), host, repr(port), '']
        cmd = 'EPRT ' + '|'.join(fields)
        return self.voidcmd(cmd)

00281     def makeport(self):
        '''Create a new socket and send a PORT command for it.'''
        msg = "getaddrinfo returns an empty list"
        sock = None
        for res in socket.getaddrinfo(None, 0, self.af, socket.SOCK_STREAM, 0, socket.AI_PASSIVE):
            af, socktype, proto, canonname, sa = res
            try:
                sock = socket.socket(af, socktype, proto)
                sock.bind(sa)
            except socket.error, msg:
                if sock:
                    sock.close()
                sock = None
                continue
            break
        if not sock:
            raise socket.error, msg
        sock.listen(1)
        port = sock.getsockname()[1] # Get proper port
        host = self.sock.getsockname()[0] # Get proper host
        if self.af == socket.AF_INET:
            resp = self.sendport(host, port)
        else:
            resp = self.sendeprt(host, port)
        return sock

    def makepasv(self):
        if self.af == socket.AF_INET:
            host, port = parse227(self.sendcmd('PASV'))
        else:
            host, port = parse229(self.sendcmd('EPSV'), self.sock.getpeername())
        return host, port

00314     def ntransfercmd(self, cmd, rest=None):
        """Initiate a transfer over the data connection.

        If the transfer is active, send a port command and the
        transfer command, and accept the connection.  If the server is
        passive, send a pasv command, connect to it, and start the
        transfer command.  Either way, return the socket for the
        connection and the expected size of the transfer.  The
        expected size may be None if it could not be determined.

        Optional `rest' argument can be a string that is sent as the
        argument to a REST command.  This is essentially a server
        marker used to tell the server to skip over any data up to the
        given marker.
        """
        size = None
        if self.passiveserver:
            host, port = self.makepasv()
            conn = socket.create_connection((host, port), self.timeout)
            if rest is not None:
                self.sendcmd("REST %s" % rest)
            resp = self.sendcmd(cmd)
            # Some servers apparently send a 200 reply to
            # a LIST or STOR command, before the 150 reply
            # (and way before the 226 reply). This seems to
            # be in violation of the protocol (which only allows
            # 1xx or error messages for LIST), so we just discard
            # this response.
            if resp[0] == '2':
                resp = self.getresp()
            if resp[0] != '1':
                raise error_reply, resp
        else:
            sock = self.makeport()
            if rest is not None:
                self.sendcmd("REST %s" % rest)
            resp = self.sendcmd(cmd)
            # See above.
            if resp[0] == '2':
                resp = self.getresp()
            if resp[0] != '1':
                raise error_reply, resp
            conn, sockaddr = sock.accept()
        if resp[:3] == '150':
            # this is conditional in case we received a 125
            size = parse150(resp)
        return conn, size

00362     def transfercmd(self, cmd, rest=None):
        """Like ntransfercmd() but returns only the socket."""
        return self.ntransfercmd(cmd, rest)[0]

00366     def login(self, user='', passwd='', acct=''):
        '''Login, default anonymous.'''
        if not user: user = 'anonymous'
        if not passwd: passwd = ''
        if not acct: acct = ''
        if user == 'anonymous' and passwd in ('', '-'):
            # If there is no anonymous ftp password specified
            # then we'll just use anonymous@
            # We don't send any other thing because:
            # - We want to remain anonymous
            # - We want to stop SPAM
            # - We don't want to let ftp sites to discriminate by the user,
            #   host or country.
            passwd = passwd + 'anonymous@'
        resp = self.sendcmd('USER ' + user)
        if resp[0] == '3': resp = self.sendcmd('PASS ' + passwd)
        if resp[0] == '3': resp = self.sendcmd('ACCT ' + acct)
        if resp[0] != '2':
            raise error_reply, resp
        return resp

00387     def retrbinary(self, cmd, callback, blocksize=8192, rest=None):
        """Retrieve data in binary mode.  A new port is created for you.

        Args:
          cmd: A RETR command.
          callback: A single parameter callable to be called on each
                    block of data read.
          blocksize: The maximum number of bytes to read from the
                     socket at one time.  [default: 8192]
          rest: Passed to transfercmd().  [default: None]

        Returns:
          The response code.
        """
        self.voidcmd('TYPE I')
        conn = self.transfercmd(cmd, rest)
        while 1:
            data = conn.recv(blocksize)
            if not data:
                break
            callback(data)
        conn.close()
        return self.voidresp()

00411     def retrlines(self, cmd, callback=None):
        """Retrieve data in line mode.  A new port is created for you.

        Args:
          cmd: A RETR, LIST, NLST, or MLSD command.
          callback: An optional single parameter callable that is called
                    for each line with the trailing CRLF stripped.
                    [default: print_line()]

        Returns:
          The response code.
        """
        if callback is None: callback = print_line
        resp = self.sendcmd('TYPE A')
        conn = self.transfercmd(cmd)
        fp = conn.makefile('rb')
        while 1:
            line = fp.readline()
            if self.debugging > 2: print '*retr*', repr(line)
            if not line:
                break
            if line[-2:] == CRLF:
                line = line[:-2]
            elif line[-1:] == '\n':
                line = line[:-1]
            callback(line)
        fp.close()
        conn.close()
        return self.voidresp()

00441     def storbinary(self, cmd, fp, blocksize=8192, callback=None):
        """Store a file in binary mode.  A new port is created for you.

        Args:
          cmd: A STOR command.
          fp: A file-like object with a read(num_bytes) method.
          blocksize: The maximum data size to read from fp and send over
                     the connection at once.  [default: 8192]
          callback: An optional single parameter callable that is called on
                    on each block of data after it is sent.  [default: None]

        Returns:
          The response code.
        """
        self.voidcmd('TYPE I')
        conn = self.transfercmd(cmd)
        while 1:
            buf = fp.read(blocksize)
            if not buf: break
            conn.sendall(buf)
            if callback: callback(buf)
        conn.close()
        return self.voidresp()

00465     def storlines(self, cmd, fp, callback=None):
        """Store a file in line mode.  A new port is created for you.

        Args:
          cmd: A STOR command.
          fp: A file-like object with a readline() method.
          callback: An optional single parameter callable that is called on
                    on each line after it is sent.  [default: None]

        Returns:
          The response code.
        """
        self.voidcmd('TYPE A')
        conn = self.transfercmd(cmd)
        while 1:
            buf = fp.readline()
            if not buf: break
            if buf[-2:] != CRLF:
                if buf[-1] in CRLF: buf = buf[:-1]
                buf = buf + CRLF
            conn.sendall(buf)
            if callback: callback(buf)
        conn.close()
        return self.voidresp()

00490     def acct(self, password):
        '''Send new account name.'''
        cmd = 'ACCT ' + password
        return self.voidcmd(cmd)

00495     def nlst(self, *args):
        '''Return a list of files in a given directory (default the current).'''
        cmd = 'NLST'
        for arg in args:
            cmd = cmd + (' ' + arg)
        files = []
        self.retrlines(cmd, files.append)
        return files

00504     def dir(self, *args):
        '''List a directory in long form.
        By default list current directory to stdout.
        Optional last argument is callback function; all
        non-empty arguments before it are concatenated to the
        LIST command.  (This *should* only be used for a pathname.)'''
        cmd = 'LIST'
        func = None
        if args[-1:] and type(args[-1]) != type(''):
            args, func = args[:-1], args[-1]
        for arg in args:
            if arg:
                cmd = cmd + (' ' + arg)
        self.retrlines(cmd, func)

00519     def rename(self, fromname, toname):
        '''Rename a file.'''
        resp = self.sendcmd('RNFR ' + fromname)
        if resp[0] != '3':
            raise error_reply, resp
        return self.voidcmd('RNTO ' + toname)

00526     def delete(self, filename):
        '''Delete a file.'''
        resp = self.sendcmd('DELE ' + filename)
        if resp[:3] in ('250', '200'):
            return resp
        else:
            raise error_reply, resp

00534     def cwd(self, dirname):
        '''Change to a directory.'''
        if dirname == '..':
            try:
                return self.voidcmd('CDUP')
            except error_perm, msg:
                if msg.args[0][:3] != '500':
                    raise
        elif dirname == '':
            dirname = '.'  # does nothing, but could return error
        cmd = 'CWD ' + dirname
        return self.voidcmd(cmd)

00547     def size(self, filename):
        '''Retrieve the size of a file.'''
        # The SIZE command is defined in RFC-3659
        resp = self.sendcmd('SIZE ' + filename)
        if resp[:3] == '213':
            s = resp[3:].strip()
            try:
                return int(s)
            except (OverflowError, ValueError):
                return long(s)

00558     def mkd(self, dirname):
        '''Make a directory, return its full pathname.'''
        resp = self.sendcmd('MKD ' + dirname)
        return parse257(resp)

00563     def rmd(self, dirname):
        '''Remove a directory.'''
        return self.voidcmd('RMD ' + dirname)

00567     def pwd(self):
        '''Return current working directory.'''
        resp = self.sendcmd('PWD')
        return parse257(resp)

00572     def quit(self):
        '''Quit, and close the connection.'''
        resp = self.voidcmd('QUIT')
        self.close()
        return resp

00578     def close(self):
        '''Close the connection without assuming anything about it.'''
        if self.file:
            self.file.close()
            self.sock.close()
            self.file = self.sock = None


try:
    import ssl
except ImportError:
    pass
else:
00591     class FTP_TLS(FTP):
        '''A FTP subclass which adds TLS support to FTP as described
        in RFC-4217.

        Connect as usual to port 21 implicitly securing the FTP control
        connection before authenticating.

        Securing the data connection requires user to explicitly ask
        for it by calling prot_p() method.

        Usage example:
        >>> from ftplib import FTP_TLS
        >>> ftps = FTP_TLS('ftp.python.org')
        >>> ftps.login()  # login anonimously previously securing control channel
        '230 Guest login ok, access restrictions apply.'
        >>> ftps.prot_p()  # switch to secure data connection
        '200 Protection level set to P'
        >>> ftps.retrlines('LIST')  # list directory content securely
        total 9
        drwxr-xr-x   8 root     wheel        1024 Jan  3  1994 .
        drwxr-xr-x   8 root     wheel        1024 Jan  3  1994 ..
        drwxr-xr-x   2 root     wheel        1024 Jan  3  1994 bin
        drwxr-xr-x   2 root     wheel        1024 Jan  3  1994 etc
        d-wxrwxr-x   2 ftp      wheel        1024 Sep  5 13:43 incoming
        drwxr-xr-x   2 root     wheel        1024 Nov 17  1993 lib
        drwxr-xr-x   6 1094     wheel        1024 Sep 13 19:07 pub
        drwxr-xr-x   3 root     wheel        1024 Jan  3  1994 usr
        -rw-r--r--   1 root     root          312 Aug  1  1994 welcome.msg
        '226 Transfer complete.'
        >>> ftps.quit()
        '221 Goodbye.'
        >>>
        '''
        ssl_version = ssl.PROTOCOL_TLSv1

        def __init__(self, host='', user='', passwd='', acct='', keyfile=None,
                     certfile=None, timeout=_GLOBAL_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT):
            self.keyfile = keyfile
            self.certfile = certfile
            self._prot_p = False
            FTP.__init__(self, host, user, passwd, acct, timeout)

        def login(self, user='', passwd='', acct='', secure=True):
            if secure and not isinstance(self.sock, ssl.SSLSocket):
                self.auth()
            return FTP.login(self, user, passwd, acct)

00638         def auth(self):
            '''Set up secure control connection by using TLS/SSL.'''
            if isinstance(self.sock, ssl.SSLSocket):
                raise ValueError("Already using TLS")
            if self.ssl_version == ssl.PROTOCOL_TLSv1:
                resp = self.voidcmd('AUTH TLS')
            else:
                resp = self.voidcmd('AUTH SSL')
            self.sock = ssl.wrap_socket(self.sock, self.keyfile, self.certfile,
                                        ssl_version=self.ssl_version)
            self.file = self.sock.makefile(mode='rb')
            return resp

00651         def prot_p(self):
            '''Set up secure data connection.'''
            # PROT defines whether or not the data channel is to be protected.
            # Though RFC-2228 defines four possible protection levels,
            # RFC-4217 only recommends two, Clear and Private.
            # Clear (PROT C) means that no security is to be used on the
            # data-channel, Private (PROT P) means that the data-channel
            # should be protected by TLS.
            # PBSZ command MUST still be issued, but must have a parameter of
            # '0' to indicate that no buffering is taking place and the data
            # connection should not be encapsulated.
            self.voidcmd('PBSZ 0')
            resp = self.voidcmd('PROT P')
            self._prot_p = True
            return resp

00667         def prot_c(self):
            '''Set up clear text data connection.'''
            resp = self.voidcmd('PROT C')
            self._prot_p = False
            return resp

        # --- Overridden FTP methods

00675         def ntransfercmd(self, cmd, rest=None):
            conn, size = FTP.ntransfercmd(self, cmd, rest)
            if self._prot_p:
                conn = ssl.wrap_socket(conn, self.keyfile, self.certfile,
                                       ssl_version=self.ssl_version)
            return conn, size

00682         def retrbinary(self, cmd, callback, blocksize=8192, rest=None):
            self.voidcmd('TYPE I')
            conn = self.transfercmd(cmd, rest)
            try:
                while 1:
                    data = conn.recv(blocksize)
                    if not data:
                        break
                    callback(data)
                # shutdown ssl layer
                if isinstance(conn, ssl.SSLSocket):
                    conn.unwrap()
            finally:
                conn.close()
            return self.voidresp()

00698         def retrlines(self, cmd, callback=None):
            if callback is None: callback = print_line
            resp = self.sendcmd('TYPE A')
            conn = self.transfercmd(cmd)
            fp = conn.makefile('rb')
            try:
                while 1:
                    line = fp.readline()
                    if self.debugging > 2: print '*retr*', repr(line)
                    if not line:
                        break
                    if line[-2:] == CRLF:
                        line = line[:-2]
                    elif line[-1:] == '\n':
                        line = line[:-1]
                    callback(line)
                # shutdown ssl layer
                if isinstance(conn, ssl.SSLSocket):
                    conn.unwrap()
            finally:
                fp.close()
                conn.close()
            return self.voidresp()

00722         def storbinary(self, cmd, fp, blocksize=8192, callback=None):
            self.voidcmd('TYPE I')
            conn = self.transfercmd(cmd)
            try:
                while 1:
                    buf = fp.read(blocksize)
                    if not buf: break
                    conn.sendall(buf)
                    if callback: callback(buf)
                # shutdown ssl layer
                if isinstance(conn, ssl.SSLSocket):
                    conn.unwrap()
            finally:
                conn.close()
            return self.voidresp()

00738         def storlines(self, cmd, fp, callback=None):
            self.voidcmd('TYPE A')
            conn = self.transfercmd(cmd)
            try:
                while 1:
                    buf = fp.readline()
                    if not buf: break
                    if buf[-2:] != CRLF:
                        if buf[-1] in CRLF: buf = buf[:-1]
                        buf = buf + CRLF
                    conn.sendall(buf)
                    if callback: callback(buf)
                # shutdown ssl layer
                if isinstance(conn, ssl.SSLSocket):
                    conn.unwrap()
            finally:
                conn.close()
            return self.voidresp()

    __all__.append(FTP_TLS)
    all_errors = (Error, IOError, EOFError, ssl.SSLError)


_150_re = None

def parse150(resp):
    '''Parse the '150' response for a RETR request.
    Returns the expected transfer size or None; size is not guaranteed to
    be present in the 150 message.
    '''
    if resp[:3] != '150':
        raise error_reply, resp
    global _150_re
    if _150_re is None:
        import re
        _150_re = re.compile("150 .* \((\d+) bytes\)", re.IGNORECASE)
    m = _150_re.match(resp)
    if not m:
        return None
    s = m.group(1)
    try:
        return int(s)
    except (OverflowError, ValueError):
        return long(s)


_227_re = None

def parse227(resp):
    '''Parse the '227' response for a PASV request.
    Raises error_proto if it does not contain '(h1,h2,h3,h4,p1,p2)'
    Return ('host.addr.as.numbers', port#) tuple.'''

    if resp[:3] != '227':
        raise error_reply, resp
    global _227_re
    if _227_re is None:
        import re
        _227_re = re.compile(r'(\d+),(\d+),(\d+),(\d+),(\d+),(\d+)')
    m = _227_re.search(resp)
    if not m:
        raise error_proto, resp
    numbers = m.groups()
    host = '.'.join(numbers[:4])
    port = (int(numbers[4]) << 8) + int(numbers[5])
    return host, port


def parse229(resp, peer):
    '''Parse the '229' response for a EPSV request.
    Raises error_proto if it does not contain '(|||port|)'
    Return ('host.addr.as.numbers', port#) tuple.'''

    if resp[:3] != '229':
        raise error_reply, resp
    left = resp.find('(')
    if left < 0: raise error_proto, resp
    right = resp.find(')', left + 1)
    if right < 0:
        raise error_proto, resp # should contain '(|||port|)'
    if resp[left + 1] != resp[right - 1]:
        raise error_proto, resp
    parts = resp[left + 1:right].split(resp[left + 1])
    if len(parts) != 5:
        raise error_proto, resp
    host = peer[0]
    port = int(parts[3])
    return host, port


def parse257(resp):
    '''Parse the '257' response for a MKD or PWD request.
    This is a response to a MKD or PWD request: a directory name.
    Returns the directoryname in the 257 reply.'''

    if resp[:3] != '257':
        raise error_reply, resp
    if resp[3:5] != ' "':
        return '' # Not compliant to RFC 959, but UNIX ftpd does this
    dirname = ''
    i = 5
    n = len(resp)
    while i < n:
        c = resp[i]
        i = i + 1
        if c == '"':
            if i >= n or resp[i] != '"':
                break
            i = i + 1
        dirname = dirname + c
    return dirname


def print_line(line):
    '''Default retrlines callback to print a line.'''
    print line


def ftpcp(source, sourcename, target, targetname='', type='I'):
    '''Copy file from one FTP-instance to another.'''
    if not targetname: targetname = sourcename
    type = 'TYPE ' + type
    source.voidcmd(type)
    target.voidcmd(type)
    sourcehost, sourceport = parse227(source.sendcmd('PASV'))
    target.sendport(sourcehost, sourceport)
    # RFC 959: the user must "listen" [...] BEFORE sending the
    # transfer request.
    # So: STOR before RETR, because here the target is a "user".
    treply = target.sendcmd('STOR ' + targetname)
    if treply[:3] not in ('125', '150'): raise error_proto  # RFC 959
    sreply = source.sendcmd('RETR ' + sourcename)
    if sreply[:3] not in ('125', '150'): raise error_proto  # RFC 959
    source.voidresp()
    target.voidresp()


00875 class Netrc:
    """Class to parse & provide access to 'netrc' format files.

    See the netrc(4) man page for information on the file format.

    WARNING: This class is obsolete -- use module netrc instead.

    """
    __defuser = None
    __defpasswd = None
    __defacct = None

    def __init__(self, filename=None):
        if filename is None:
            if "HOME" in os.environ:
                filename = os.path.join(os.environ["HOME"],
                                        ".netrc")
            else:
                raise IOError, \
                      "specify file to load or set $HOME"
        self.__hosts = {}
        self.__macros = {}
        fp = open(filename, "r")
        in_macro = 0
        while 1:
            line = fp.readline()
            if not line: break
            if in_macro and line.strip():
                macro_lines.append(line)
                continue
            elif in_macro:
                self.__macros[macro_name] = tuple(macro_lines)
                in_macro = 0
            words = line.split()
            host = user = passwd = acct = None
            default = 0
            i = 0
            while i < len(words):
                w1 = words[i]
                if i + 1 < len(words):
                    w2 = words[i + 1]
                else:
                    w2 = None
                if w1 == 'default':
                    default = 1
                elif w1 == 'machine' and w2:
                    host = w2.lower()
                    i = i + 1
                elif w1 == 'login' and w2:
                    user = w2
                    i = i + 1
                elif w1 == 'password' and w2:
                    passwd = w2
                    i = i + 1
                elif w1 == 'account' and w2:
                    acct = w2
                    i = i + 1
                elif w1 == 'macdef' and w2:
                    macro_name = w2
                    macro_lines = []
                    in_macro = 1
                    break
                i = i + 1
            if default:
                self.__defuser = user or self.__defuser
                self.__defpasswd = passwd or self.__defpasswd
                self.__defacct = acct or self.__defacct
            if host:
                if host in self.__hosts:
                    ouser, opasswd, oacct = \
                           self.__hosts[host]
                    user = user or ouser
                    passwd = passwd or opasswd
                    acct = acct or oacct
                self.__hosts[host] = user, passwd, acct
        fp.close()

00952     def get_hosts(self):
        """Return a list of hosts mentioned in the .netrc file."""
        return self.__hosts.keys()

00956     def get_account(self, host):
        """Returns login information for the named host.

        The return value is a triple containing userid,
        password, and the accounting field.

        """
        host = host.lower()
        user = passwd = acct = None
        if host in self.__hosts:
            user, passwd, acct = self.__hosts[host]
        user = user or self.__defuser
        passwd = passwd or self.__defpasswd
        acct = acct or self.__defacct
        return user, passwd, acct

00972     def get_macros(self):
        """Return a list of all defined macro names."""
        return self.__macros.keys()

00976     def get_macro(self, macro):
        """Return a sequence of lines which define a named macro."""
        return self.__macros[macro]



def test():
    '''Test program.
    Usage: ftp [-d] [-r[file]] host [-l[dir]] [-d[dir]] [-p] [file] ...

    -d dir
    -l list
    -p password
    '''

    if len(sys.argv) < 2:
        print test.__doc__
        sys.exit(0)

    debugging = 0
    rcfile = None
    while sys.argv[1] == '-d':
        debugging = debugging + 1
        del sys.argv[1]
    if sys.argv[1][:2] == '-r':
        # get name of alternate ~/.netrc file:
        rcfile = sys.argv[1][2:]
        del sys.argv[1]
    host = sys.argv[1]
    ftp = FTP(host)
    ftp.set_debuglevel(debugging)
    userid = passwd = acct = ''
    try:
        netrc = Netrc(rcfile)
    except IOError:
        if rcfile is not None:
            sys.stderr.write("Could not open account file"
                             " -- using anonymous login.")
    else:
        try:
            userid, passwd, acct = netrc.get_account(host)
        except KeyError:
            # no account for host
            sys.stderr.write(
                    "No account -- using anonymous login.")
    ftp.login(userid, passwd, acct)
    for file in sys.argv[2:]:
        if file[:2] == '-l':
            ftp.dir(file[2:])
        elif file[:2] == '-d':
            cmd = 'CWD'
            if file[2:]: cmd = cmd + ' ' + file[2:]
            resp = ftp.sendcmd(cmd)
        elif file == '-p':
            ftp.set_pasv(not ftp.passiveserver)
        else:
            ftp.retrbinary('RETR ' + file, \
                           sys.stdout.write, 1024)
    ftp.quit()


if __name__ == '__main__':
    test()

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